Windows 11: overview
Hello friends. As you know, on June 24, Microsoft introduced the new operating system Windows 11. Its release is expected to take place in October this year, 2021. In the meantime, those wishing to get acquainted with Windows 11 can try out its insider builds as part of Windows Insider, a program for preliminary testing of Microsoft products.
In this publication, I propose to consider the main novelties of Windows 11, presented in its first and second insider builds 22000.51 and 22000.65. What is the new Windows 11?
↑ Windows 11: overview
↑ What is Windows 11
So, friends, the new Windows 11. Those of its innovations, which Microsoft itself emphasizes, you can see in the review of the presentation of Windows 11 by the company. Objectively, Windows 11 is Windows 10, but:
- With a redesigned and improved interface based on modern WinUI;
- With a stylish system design concept,
- With some new features that improve your computing experience, but don’t play a critical role,
- With support for both modern UWP apps and Win32 programs,
- No support for 32-bit system releases,
- Without official support for processors older than 8th Gen Intel and Zen 2 AMD architecture, but with the technical ability to work on them,
- With system requirements and an obstacle in the installation process in the usual way from the installation media.
↑ New interface
The interface of Windows 11 is beautiful, effective, fast, lightweight, with a certain amount of plagiarism – some design solutions and usability are very similar to Mac OS. The interface has new, smoother and more harmonious animation. One of the significant innovations is a completely redesigned Start menu with its button located in the center of the taskbar, for a detailed overview of the menu, see the article “Windows 11 Start Menu”. The main directions in the design concept of Windows 11 are abstraction, transparency, blurring, rounded shapes. To match the concept, the system has beautiful default themes with streamlined objects. There is support for light and dark themes, they will be applied to the design of the Start menu, taskbar, Settings app, Explorer, UWP apps, browser and Win32 programs that provide for adapting their interface to light or dark system theme. Windows 11 has a larger implementation of Fluent Design than Windows 10, and the new system adds a new Mica effect – mica, an opaque dynamic material that weakly renders the background of applications and the desktop and includes the system theme. Thanks to the Mica effect, the new Windows looks impressive without losing the performance of the system shell.
The Windows 11 Start menu is more minimalistic and faster than in Windows 10. It has been freed from live tiles, it has only the usual shortcuts – pinned and launch shortcuts of installed applications, there is a block of recommendations and options for shutting down the system. In the second insider build, I got the integration of in-system search. The location of the menu button can be configured in the classic way – in the left corner.
↑ Task view and desktops
In Windows 11, the task view function reverted to the original format that it was in Windows 10 without a timeline, only with desktops at the bottom.
In Windows 11, widgets appeared, this is a slide-out panel with information blocks about the weather, exchange rates, news, etc. powered by Microsoft’s MSN news platform, with a link to OneDrive photos with a to-do list if you’re using Microsoft To Do. There is a possibility that in the future it will be possible to install third-party widgets on this panel.
Windows 11 has a new explorer, or rather an old explorer, it has the same functionality as it used to be, but Microsoft has changed it into WinUI. It got a nice modern look with Fluent Design, got rid of the Ribbon panel, and replaced it with an uncluttered collection of basic operations.
In Windows 11, the Settings app has been redesigned. Some sections and subsections of settings have been reorganized, their structure has been changed, navigation has been improved. The left panel with sections always remains visible, yet our movement occurs on the right, here we move through the subsections and their settings.
↑ Anchor layouts and docking
Windows 11 has an improved Snap on-screen layout feature with Snap Layouts, a selection of screen layouts that appear when you hover over a minimize-maximize window or press Win + Z.
Windows 11 has improved input – touch, handwriting, and voice. The touch keyboard now has spectacular skins with Fluent Design support.
In Windows 11, the standard antivirus did not receive functional changes, as in Windows 10, it is built into the Windows Security application, but it began to more fiercely track threats, especially those related to pirated software and tweakers by their own disabling. Even with real-time protection turned off, the Defender zealously fights against everything that does not suit him. Friends who are interested in completely disabling the standard antivirus, see the article on the site “How to disable Windows Defender 11”.
Windows 11 zealously fights against piracy: it fights not only by blocking license cracking files with a regular antivirus, but also detects non-genuine software licenses and offers to purchase genuine ones.
↑ Other changes and improvements in Windows 11
Windows 11 changes and improvements include:
- Reorganized Microsoft Store;
- Dynamic screen refresh rate to improve the autonomy of portable devices;
- Information about loading the video card in the task manager;
- Support for Wi-Fi 6E – a technology that provides 3 times more Wi-Fi bandwidth (works with the support of its Wi-Fi adapter on computers and a router);
- HDR support for games and applications at the system level (HDR monitor required);
- Support for DirectStorage fast game launch technology (requires NVMe SSD);
- Integration of the Xbox Game Pass gaming service;
- Revised application “Camera” with support for HDR-mode, timer recording, with brightness and contrast settings;
- New functions of the clipboard – pasting data without formatting, pasting emoticons and gifs;
- New interface for installing the operating system at the stage of primary system settings;
- Removed Cortana preinstallation, Skype conferencing, tablet mode, task view timeline, Internet Explorer, math input panel, wallpaper synchronization function with other computers with a logged in Microsoft account;
- The delivery set of UWP applications along with the operating system has been changed: it includes the same ones as in Windows 10, except for OneNote, 3D Viewer, Paint 3D and Skype, if you need them, you can download them from the Microsoft Store;
Microsoft Teams integration and support for Android apps are expected in the near future.
Friends, you can see the first impressions of the site about Windows 11 in its preliminary unofficial assembly, which was leaked online even before the presentation of the operating system by Microsoft. Apart from an overview of the main features of the new Windows 11, there are some interesting details about it.